Labor Day which is also known as International workers day or May Day is celebrated worldwide to honor the working class. The day was declared in 18th century as a result of the movement popularly known as 8 hour movement led by American federation of organized trades and labor unions demanding 8 hours work per day. Except some countries, most of the countries celebrate 1st day of the month May as International workers day.
During those days, workers used to do hard work for about 10 to 16 hours normally with deaths and injuries occurring occasionally due to unsafe work conditions which being the reason for the protest. The movement started all the way in the year 1856 when a group of American workers stopped their work demanding 8 hours work a day. The primary concept behind the protest is that in the day of a worker’s life, 8 hours are for work, 8 hours for recreation and 8 hours for rest. The protest led to a complete success as the demands are met. Later in the 19th century, the day was officially announced as Labor Day by many governments. Communist countries like Cuba, China, People’s Republic of North Korea and some other countries celebrate Labor Day significantly with Military parade and many other events.
May Day is an official holiday in India. The first Labor Day celebrations of India took place in Chennai Marina Beach on May 1st 1923 initiated by Malayapuram Singaravelu Chettiar. Singaravelar, leader of Labor kissan party of Hindustan is one of the most prominent freedom fighter during the British rule in India. He was the first person in India to form a labor union in India known as Madras Labor Union. He, during his lifetime has contributed a lot to the working section of India. Marking the historic celebration, there is a statue of workers in Chennai Marina Beach commemorating the working men and women.